Parliament Square lies on axis 5a in London’s subconscious axial grid. Among the archetypal features of type 5a, or ‘Priest’, are ‘assembly’, ‘varicoloured’, ‘world or cosmic cardinals’, and ‘ritual or administration’. The eleven statues of democratic leaders in Parliament Square express two thirds of a smaller scale stoneprint cycle, with its own axial grid emerging here, probably awaiting five more iconic characters (on the blank axial lines in the map).

London type 5a Parliament Square, with existing and potential future statues (map after Londonphototours. Type labels and axial grid by E Furter).

General archetypal themes in this public square includes type 5b Priest, indicating a mixture of state and religious ritual. The layers of structuralist expression are subconscious to artists, architects, builders and members of any culture. There was no master plan for choosing or placing these statues in advance (see the ultimate ‘blinding’ example in the two double imprints in underground features in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings, and Valley of the Queens, spread over centuries). Events, inspiration and compromises conspire to express structural ‘grammar’ in artworks and building sites.

Below is an extract from Stoneprint Journal 4; Stoneprint tour of London, available from (24 pages, $18) on this link;

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Here is a list of the types, characters, and recurrent features in Parliament Square:

Type label; Statue (recurrent archetypal features):

[] 1 Builder; George Canning, with scroll (book). Prime Minister in 1827 for 119 days, died in office. Moved here from New Palace Yard just east of the square in 1832. First statue in Parliament Square 1867, position moved 1949.

[] 2 Builder; Edward Smith-Stanley, PM thrice, chancellor of Oxford University, with scroll (book).

[] 2c Basket; Abraham Lincoln, USA president, who abolished slavery, and was assassinated in a plot (secret). C-types are off the axial grid, but in four narrow fields between specific axes.

[] 3 Queen; Benjamin Disraeli, as an earl. PM 1874. Jewish-born Anglican.

[] 4 King; Mahatma Gandhi, Indian PM. He often sat on the floor (squatting), as several statues worldwide model him. He may express type 4p (limb joint) instead:

[] 4p Galactic South Pole; Gandhi? Closer to the centre (polar), low plinth (juncture), bare lower legs (limb-joints).

[] 5a Priest; Robert Peel, PM 1834 and 1841.

[] 5b Priest; Nelson Mandela, first South African democratic (assembly) president, Xhosa with some Khoe genes (varicoloured), wore varicoloured shirts.

[] 5c Basket Tail; Underground rail (container).

[] 6 Exile; VACANT __ [Walpole? Theresa May? scapegoat?] (sacrifice, ingress/egress, etc,,,,)

[] 7 Child; VACANT __ (bag, rope, juvenile, etc,,,,)

[] 8 Healer; VACANT __ (bent forward, heal, trance, strong, etc ,,,,)

[] 9 Healer; VACANT __ (bent forward, heal, trance, strong, etc,,,,)

[] 9c Basket Lid; Underground rail (container).

[] 10 Teacher; VACANT __ (arms raised, staff, balance, ecology, hunt-master, school, etc,,,,)

[] 11 Womb; VACANT __ [Margaret Thatcher (womb, law) was planned, but set for Middlesex Guildhall Supreme Court, west of the square. Suffragette Millicent Fawcett (womb) was also planned, but not yet sited.

[] 12 Heart; Winston Churchill, PM in WW2, sunk French ships at risk of German occupation, prolonged some colonial suffering (death, war, weapon, bastion, invert).

[] 13 Heart; David Lloyd George, PM in WW1 (war) 1916, ordered bombings in the Middle East and India (weapon, invert). Welsh lion icon (felid), noted for a “leonine head”. The name David is of a lion (felid) tribe. The name George is more typical of type 3.

[] 14 Mixer; Jan Smuts, South African PM in WW2, statue near the axial centre (ingress), Allied field marshall, former of SA Union, environmentalist, coined the term ‘holism’ (mix), energetic, founder member of the UN (mix).

[] 13c Basket Head; Garden before the Treasury (container). And underground rail (container).

[] 15 Maker; Henry John Temple, Lord Palmerston, PM twice, 1859. First PM of the Liberal Party (re-creator), holding a cloak (bag).

[] 15g Galactic Gate; North-west corner path (gate, juncture).

Axial centre; Unmarked, as usual.

Midsummer and midwinter; May be marked by one or two features, north-south of the axial centre, placing midsummer between axes 13-14, analogous to Leo-Cancer; thus implying spring and the cultural time-frame in Age Taurus-Aries. The time-frame is before the work as usual, at the perceived time of formation of European culture, about BC 1500, but the markers are still unknown, and subconscious time-frames are approximate to perceptions of history.

See some photographs of Parliament Square statues below.

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The mindprint or stoneprint model of archetypal characters, labelled as social functions (after Furter 2014. 2019). Nature and culture projects archetypal structure around an axial centre, with some features analogous to cosmology (which also expresses archetypal structure). Radial distances are random in artworks and cultural sites.



David Lloyd George, expressing type 13 Heart (car, ancestor, contract, etc) in the emerging stoneprint in Parliament Square, London.
Jan Smuts, Allied field marshal, SA Union former, coiner of ‘holism’, expresses type 14 Mixer (energy etc) in the emerging Parliament Square stoneprint.
Nelson Mandela, expresses type 5b Priest in the emerging Parliament Square stoneprint in London.
Mahatma Gandhi expresses type 4 King, or the adjacent 4p (limb joint or juncture), in the emerging stoneprint in Parliament Square, London.

London authorities have announced that they do not plan to erect any further statues in Parliament Square, for being “crowded”, but the incomplete cycle is likely to attract completion. A statue of Margaret Thatcher was planned for the adjacent Supreme Court at Middlesex Guidhall (from where George Canning and Abraham Lincoln express their parts in the Parliament Square cycle). Completion may take a century or two.

STONEPRINT Journal series

This post is an extract from a magazine edition supplement to Stoneprint, the human code in art, buildings and cities. Order editions, and/or the book Mindprint, from Lulu on this link:

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